Borg, Ruben. “Beckett’s Invisible Matter: Echo, Technology and Posthuman Affect.” In Samuel Beckett and Technology, edited by Galina Kiryushina, Einat Adar, and Mark Nixon. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2021. Publisher's Version becketts_invisible_matter.pdf
Flann O'Brien: Gallows Humour
Borg, Ruben, and Paul Fagan, ed. Flann O'Brien: Gallows Humour . Cork: Cork University Press, 2020.
Borg, Ruben. “Three Articles of Posthuman Modernism: The Metacinema of Marcel L'Herbier (and Friends).” Modernism/Modernity (Print +) (2020). Publisher's VersionAbstract

This paper reads Marcel L’Herbier’s The Inhuman Woman as an exemplary expression of a posthuman moment in modernism. Drawing on comparisons with the art of Fernand Léger and James Joyce, it highlights several elements of the film’s aesthetic – its heavily stylized compositions, its striking use of set design and costumes to subvert the visual syntax of foreground and background, its eroticization of technology, its disassembly of the human figure – in order to demonstrate the continuity between a high-modernist discourse on machine-life and current issues in posthuman theory. Both modernism and posthumanism respond to an epochal event within modernity, a technological acceleration of reality that reshapes ontological grammars. Both contemplate reality as a middle ground of mechanical and vital processes. And both are committed to a Copernican decentering of the human eye from its place of privilege in received models of phenomenal experience.

Borg, Ruben. “Modernismo europeo: come nasce e che cosa vuol dire il concetto.” In Il romanzo modernista europeo: autori, forme, questioni, edited by Massimiliano Tortora and Annalisa Volpone, 21-43. Rome: Carocci Editore, 2019. Publisher's Version
Borg, Ruben. “Past, Passivity, Passion: Deleuze's Allegorical Drama.” CounterText 5, no. 1 (2019): 70-88. Publisher's VersionAbstract

This article offers a rhetorical analysis of Deleuze's concept of the past, understood not as a modification of the present but as a pre-predicative, non-subjective articulation of time. Focusing on the discussion of the three passive syntheses of time in Chapter 2 of Difference and Repetition, it traces the continuity between past, passivity and passion across Deleuze's body of work in an effort not only to remark on the conceptual resonances between them, but, more importantly, to examine the figural and formal choices that codify those resonances, and to some extent over-determine them – in particular, Deleuze's recourse to allegory and tragic form. Though the past is constituted as a primordial component of time, it already exceeds itself in the passivity of that constitutive moment, of that originary gesture by which it is first committed to historical experience. The process is rendered in dramatic terms: Habitus and Mnemosyne (Habit and Memory; Present and Past) are first pitted against each other – respectively, as the origin of time and its ground. They are then overthrown by an unnamed third element ‘which subordinates the other two to itself’ and opens the whole to infinity. The article thematises the significance of the past within this allegorical drama, develops the character, and draws out the temporal structures encoded in Deleuze's figurations.

Fantasies of Self-Mourning: Modernism, the Posthuman and the Finite
Borg, Ruben. Fantasies of Self-Mourning: Modernism, the Posthuman and the Finite. Brill, 2019. Publisher's VersionAbstract

In Fantasies of Self-Mourning Ruben Borg describes the formal features of a posthuman, cyborgian imaginary at work in modernism. The book’s central claim is that modernism invents the posthuman as a way to think through the contradictions of its historical moment. Borg develops a posthumanist critique of the concept of organic life based on comparative readings of Pirandello, Woolf, Beckett, and Flann O’Brien, alongside discussions of Alfred Hitchcock, Chris Marker, Béla Tarr, Ridley Scott and Mamoru Oshii. The argument draws together a cluster of modernist narratives that contemplate the separation of a cybernetic eye from a human body, or call for a tearing up of the body understood as a discrete organic unit capable of synthesizing desire and sense perception.

Borg, Ruben. “Literary Modernism: The Genealogy of the Posthuman.” Critical Posthumanism Network: The Genealogy of the Posthuman (2017). Publisher's Version
Borg, Ruben. “Figures of the Earth: Non-Human Phenomenology in Joyce.” Humanities 6, no. 3 (2017). Publisher's Version pdf
Borg, Ruben. “Reading Flann with Paul.” In Flann O'Brien: Problems with Authority, edited by Ruben Borg, Paul Fagan, and John McCourt. Cork: Cork University Press, 2017. Reading Flann with Paul.pdf
Flann O'Brien: Problems with Authority
Borg, Ruben, Paul Fagan, and John McCourt, ed. Flann O'Brien: Problems with Authority. Cork: Cork University Press, 2017. Publisher's VersionAbstract


With its penchant for dissecting rehearsed attitudes and subverting expectations, Flann O’Brien’s writing displays an uncanny knack for comic doubling and self-contradiction. Focusing on the satirical energies and anti-authoritarian temperament invested in his style, Flann O'Brien: Problems with Authority interrogates the author's clowning with linguistic, literary, legal, bureaucratic, political, economic, academic, religious and scientific powers in the sites of the popular, the modern and the traditional.

Each chapter reflects on some aspect of his iconoclastic impulses; on the impertinent send-ups of pretension and orthodoxy to be found in his fiction, columns, and writing for stage and screen; on the very nature of his comedic inspiration.... Among the topics addressed are O’Brien’s satirical use of the pseudonym, the cliché and the Irish language; his irreverent repackaging of inherited myths, sacred texts and formative canons; and his refusal of literary and ideological closure.

The emerging picture is of a complex literary project that is always, in some way, a writing against the weight of received wisdoms and inherited sureties. 



Borg, Ruben. “Beckett and Deleuze: Tragic Thinkers.” In Deleuze and Beckett, edited by Stephen Wilmer and Audrone Zukauskaite, 193-206. London: Palgrave, 2015.
Borg, Ruben. “Deleuze on Genre: Modernity between the Tragic and the Novel.” In Deleuze and the Schizoanalysis of Literature, edited by Ian Buchanan, Tim Matts, and Aidan Tynan, 99-115. London: Bloomsbury, 2015.
Flann O'Brien: Contesting Legacies
Borg, Ruben, Paul Fagan, and Werner Huber, ed. Flann O'Brien: Contesting Legacies. Cork: Cork University Press, 2014. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Challenging the narrative that Flann O'Brien wrote two good novels and then retired to the inferior medium of journalism (as Myles na gCopaleen), Flann O'Brien: Contesting Legacies engages with overlooked shorter, theatrical, and non-fiction works and columns ('John Duffy's Brother', 'The Martyr's Crown', 'Two in One') alongside At Swim-Two-Birds, The Third Policeman, and An Béal Bocht. The depth and consistency of O'Nolan's comic inspiration that emerges from this scholarly engagement with his broader body of work underlines both the imperative and opportunity of reassessing O'Brien's literary legacy.

Borg, Ruben. “Love in Joyce: A Philosophical Apprenticeship.” Joyce Studies Annual (2014): 42-62. Publisher's Version pdf
Borg, Ruben. “Putting the Impossible to Work: Beckettian Afterlife and the Posthuman Future of Humanity.” Journal of Modern Literature 35, no. 4 (2012): 163-180. Publisher's Version pdf
Borg, Ruben. “Ethics of the Event: The Apocalyptic Turn in Modernism.” Partial Answers: Journal of Literature and the History of Ideas 9, no. 1 (2011): 188-201.
Borg, Ruben. “Mirrored Disjunctions: On a Deleuzo-Joycean Theory of the Image.” Journal of Modern Literature 33, no. 2 (2010): 131-148. Publisher's Version pdf
Borg, Ruben. “A Duplicated Life: On Virtuality in John Banville's Mefisto.” Modern Fiction Studies 55, no. 4 (2009): 665-684. Publisher's Version pdf
Borg, Ruben. “Surviving in Borges: The Memory of Objects after the End of the World.” In Cy-Borges: Memories of Posthumanism in the Work of Jorge Luis Borges, edited by Stefan Herbrechter and Ivan Callus, 168-196. Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell University Press, 2009.
Borg, Ruben. “Neologizing in Finnegans Wake: Beyond a Typology of the Wakean Portmanteau.” Poetics Today 28, no. 1 (2007): 143-164. Publisher's Version